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  1. page Group 4 edited One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich Alexander Solzhenitsyn ... Authority Survival 1 (…

    One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
    Alexander Solzhenitsyn
    1(Pages 1-28)
    In One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, work was shown as a daily obligation of Ivan Denisovich Shukhov when he was in the forced labor camp. Many of the prisoners felt that work “wasn’t half so bad. They gave you hot food and you had no time to start thinking. Real jail was when you were kept back from work” (7). In these “special” labor camps, there are two types of work: quality work and quick work (12). It depended on who the guards supervising were. Work took place everyday for the prisoners except for when the weather was unbearably cold at a glacial -41˚ (8). Another way to get out of work was if one was ill, and even then one must notify the medics the night before and be on the sick list (17). But even then, work was inevitable, as the doctor handed out jobs to the sick because “Work…was a first-rate medicine for any illness” (18). Work was not always done out of obligation, but some worked to gain favors from the higher-ups, like many squad leaders did, and to help oneself, like Shukhov did by making himself pockets. One thing that all prisoners and squads wanted to avoid while at the labor camp was to work at the “socialist Way of Life” settlement, where there was no escape for the bitter cold and a lot of work to be done (5). Shukhov’s squad, the 104th, avoided this, their planned fate due to their squad captain (23). When the men go out to work, they must stand out in the cold for roll, which is one of the worst parts of work, especially on a empty stomach (23). Work, a main concept in the book, has both its positives and its drawbacks in the book.
    In Shokhov’s story, authority in the forced labor camp plays a major role in the lives of everyone from the prisoners to the guards. The guards keep a strict rule over the camp which keeps the prisoners in line. There were both strict and lenient authority figures in charge at the camp. They’re were some that would work hard to get a better job for both them and their squad while others are ruthless and enjoy their superiority over the prisoners. Shokhov, at the beginning of the story, gets punished for not getting out of bed on time despite him being awake, and he gets punished by a strict guard for something he shouldn’t of had been punished for (7). The Tartar that punishes Ivan shows his superiority by calling him by “S 854” (7). Some guards like those in the guardroom were strict to the prisoners but joked around with each other (11). Other guards like many squad leaders were understanding and helpful as they tried to improve the conditions for their squad. For example, Shokhov’s squad leader bribed the higher-ups for better working conditions with salted pork (23). One of the most strict authority figures in the first section is Lietenant Volkovoi, the security chief, who was known for carrying a whip in the past and who intimidated his superiors (26). He ordered a searching of the men even though the weather was inappropriate for such actions (26-28). When a man yelled out against these orders saying they were against Article Nine of the Criminal Code, he was punished with ten days in the guardhouse by Volkovoi (28). The role of authority is a serious concept in the book due to its constant presence in the prisoners’ lives.
    Being at a forced labor camp, survival is a constant focus of everyone at the frigid camp. With unbelievably ruthless conditions, the prisoners have to survive on a small portion of bread, a dull vegetable soup and fish that is so boiled down that one must eat the whole fish including the head, tail and eyes to get a decent amount of food (10). Clothing was usually scarce around camp, and a prisoner could only possess one pair of footwear to survive the whole harsh winter (11). Along with little necessities, in order to survive one must learn to be submissive to the and to work hard when necessary, unless one wanted to face punishment (28). While prisoners have to look out for themselves, one prisoner said that “"Here, men, we live by the law of the taiga. But even here people manage to live. The ones that don't make it are those who lick other men's leftovers, those who count on the doctors to pull them through, and those who squeal on their buddies” (4). While Shukhov disagrees about snitches, he fully agreed with his fellow prisoners that one cannot use others to help himself survive and that one must be his own survival (4). Survival, especially in a forced labor camp, is a difficult task, but through Shukhov’s philosophy and will he made it through most of his sentence at the camp.
    2(Pages 29-57)
    Work was a crucial part of One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich. The prisoners had different assigned jobs and places everyday. Some of these tasks include getting water, moving cement and sand, and shoveling snow. Some of the work was necessary for survival; harsh, cold weather provided tasks like boarding windows for keeping warm. The temperatures kept prisoners working hard to stay warm. Ivan finds the work to be easy, as compared to other camps (56). Prisoners are fed well at breakfast in order to be able work a productive way and are given a smaller dinner. Life is not easy and the labor is tough. Work is structured, and slacking led to consequences.
    Authority over the prisoners has a huge impact on their lives, and there are structured ranks for authority—guards, checkers, sergeants and lieutenants. Those in charge used their authority to punish others. Tiurin tells Ivan’s squad the labor that they are going to and the tasks that must be accomplished. His squad works on the power station. Later, Ivan boards windows to keep the room warm. Tiurin does a work report—which has a big impact on the squad because food is proportioned to the amount of labor.
    Prison labor is closely tied with survival. Food rations were dependent of the amount of work done by prisoners. Work kept the prisoners warm— if you weren’t moving, you would freeze. Survival depended on labor. In addition to labor, prisoners stayed warm by burning wood. Windows were boarded up to keep warm. It was the responsibility of the prisoners to keep warm, nothing was done to help them. They stole the wood, an extreme measure considering squads were kept under strict control with harsh punishments, to stay alive.
    3(Pages 58-86)

    Ivan is considered one of the best workers because he has a deep passion towards his work. He remains to finish the day's work on building the walls and before he leaves, looks it over to examine its quality. He takes great pride in a job well done. It is also his nature to make the most out of everything and not waste anything. This makes him persistent and energetic in everything he does. Ivan has accepted his condition in life and therefore, he is the skilled labor camp prisoner. As long as he is able to eat, sleep, and carry on, he is content with his situation, no matter how unfair. And he is not envious of the trusties, who have easy office jobs. Rather, he identifies with the old prisoner, U 81, who has been working hard labor for years, but has maintained a cool, reserved dignity. For Ivan Denisovich, this old man is the model prisoner.
    The Soviet authorities have absolute power is the camp they are able to determine the true story, often overlooking the facts. In Captain Buinovsky's case, he is recognized as a spy and imprisoned because he gets a gift from a British admiral. It is useless to argue against the authorities. The Moldavian who is found sleeping in the repair shops is retained by the authorities and given time in the guardhouse. The official reason: attempting to escape.There was no use in arguing against it. For the prisoners, the authorities are always scheming to make life more miserable for them. They try to control and suppress every aspect of the prisoners' lives. For instance, Ivan finds out that there will be work again on Sunday, their usual day off. He is able to endure this oppression by claiming small physical, mental, and emotional victories throughout the day. During supper, he forgets about the negatives and focuses only on his food.
    Survival only comes from the help of others. The members of the 104th work hard because they depend on one another to survive and get their assignments done. This is essential for a squad. The authorities do not care about the survival of the prisoners because their spaces can be easily filled. Therefore, each squad member must help fill each other's gaps. 6As Ivan drinks the thin soup, all his complaints and concerns disappear. His mind is focused on filling his stomach. Food is an essential element of survival and Ivan devotes most of his skills and ability to keeping his stomach well fed. While eating, he observes prisoner U 81. This old man has been imprisoned for many consecutive terms, yet has maintained a certain dignity, even in the way he eats. Ivan is impressed by his eagerness to survive.
    5(Pages 117-142)
    Group Four is made up of:
    Maria Hengeveld
    Peter Mikitsh
    Jenn Fegley
    Jonathan Nikoleyczik
    Classic, 1974.

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  2. page One Day in The Life of Ivan Denisovich edited ... Group 4 Maria Hengeveld Peter Mikitsh Jenn Fegley Jonathan Nikoleyczik
    Group 4
    Maria Hengeveld
    Peter Mikitsh
    Jenn Fegley
    Jonathan Nikoleyczik
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Thursday, September 17

Friday, April 17

  1. page Literature Circles 08-09 edited Role Sheets (NEW VERSION) Class Assignments 1-4)
    Role Sheets (NEW VERSION)
    Class Assignments 1-4)
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  3. page Literature Circles 08-09 edited Role Sheets (NEW VERSION)
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Tuesday, April 14

  1. page Group 2.1 edited {The War in Vietnam amplified political.docx} One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich As a gro…

    {The War in Vietnam amplified political.docx}
    One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
    As a group answer the following questions. Write your response after each question. Each group member can answer, change, and add to the response.
    1. Why does the author use a “good” day as the subject of the novel?
    The author, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, uses a “good” day as the subject for this novel because if this is a good day, one can only imagine the horrors of life on a bad day. The horrors may not be graphic ones, but the labor intensity, hunger intensity, and general intensity of life in a Russian labor camp would be enough to make one want to give up.
    2. How is personal pride or dignity linked to material wealth in the camp? Is material wealth the only means of preserving personal pride or dignity? Why or why not? Explain how those prisoners who maintained their personal pride or dignity accomplish this. The men who had better quality items, like Ivan when he had the leather boots, made them feel as if they were worth something again. Everyone had to wear the same uniforms, so by having a different pair of shoes he stuck out, thus making him seem better than the others. Ivan's spoon also gave him pride because he knew he had something of his own, made by himself, without the camp knowing, that he could use as he liked. Material wealth was the only means of preserving personal pride or dignity because the prisoners who recieved packages and money to buy items were the prisoners who would treat other prisoners harshly because they knew that the other prisoners would do something for them to get part of their package or money.
    3. Shukhov believes that personal pride or dignity is necessary for long-term survival. Give a few specific examples that defend or refute his belief.
    Personal pride and dignity for long survival are very important to Shukhov. The way he always takes his hat off to eat no matter how cold, depressed, or energy deficient, shows that he still respects tradition, personal pride, and dignity. Another great example of Shukhov’s self righteousness is his act of never begging for food, though his comrade, Fetyukov, often takes part in this action.
    4. Under what circumstances do the ethnic difference seem to dissolve within the camp? Under the circumstances of the camps, ethnic differences are not a problem. The differences are forgotten when the men are forced to work together in a difficult envorinment for hours a day for years on end.
    5. Identify the prisoners who were corrupt by power given to them by the institution.
    Buynovsky though not given power by the institution did in fact become corrupt by a type of power. He was constantly fighting his leaders arguing about laws of Russia. Kolya was given power by the institution, but this did not directly corrupt him to be evil toward the prisoners, but corrupted himself in leaving his poetry and literature arts degree to be a medical orderly at the hospital in the camp.
    6. Draw an organizational chart that reflects the chain of command within the novel. {Level of Command.bmp}
    Concept Tracing
    For each section in the novel, trace the development of the following concepts – work, authority, and survival. As you trace them, begin to analyze the significance of the concepts. If someone already posted “your idea,” try to add something too it. Don’t simply post the same thing. You may edit, add to, revise, etc. your group’s page only.
    Section 1: page 1-28
    In the first section of One Day in the LIfe of Ivan Denisovich, work appears to be a common punishment in the camps. On page 7, early in the morning, Shukhov had failed to get up when the bell rang, and so was punished accordingling. The punishment had been work, and though it was only mopping the guardroom floor, that was not an extra task he needed. After his morning punishment, Ivan had to eat what food he could and move on to his normal day of work, now with less energy.
    On page three of Ivan Denisovich authority makes itself know through the sound of the reveille. Though these prisoners do not want to wake up at five in the morning and go to work, the authority has such a strong hand over the people with unpleasant punishment waiting if the commands are not followed, that everyone always does as they are told.
    The authority made an impact forcing Shukhov to state he had learned his lesson by saying, “From now I’ll never get up late again” (9).
    In this section of the book, Shukhov was late to breakfast becasue of his morning punishment, and so to get his ration, one of the lower prisoners reserved Shukhov's food for him. This helped him survive the long day unitl dinner, their lunch. It is obvious that this food was pertinent to survival because the man who had reserved it told Shukuhov as he came to retrieve it that, “It’s all cold. I was just about to eat your helping. Thought you were in the guardhouse.” (13).
    Section 2: page 29-57
    In this section, work is discussed during a conversation about snowstorms. The prisoners all agree that, althought they have to make it up, the time off they get will frequently raise their morale and even give few the chance to escape. the snowdrifts will be so high it reaches over the fence and allows anyone to walk out. This is where authority steps in and decided that anyone caught outside the fence will be shot on the spot (42-43).
    As they march to work in the morning, authority makes itself in charge of the situation; one cannot take his hands from behind his back, get out of step, or fall behind without being yelled at because “Marching orders must be strictly obeyed” (31). The technique authority used to keep everyone following what they said was intimidation. The guards had machine guns, guard dogs, and big sheep-skin coats (30).
    As prisoners enter the building site, they often collect little bits of this and that as to be used for firewood later (38). The lack of objects to burn means often the prisoners are unbearably cold, and this is hazardous to their survival. Ivan Denisovich has a peticular way of selain with hunger. To survive he saves some bread from his breakfast meal, and then will use the hard crust to scoop out the last of his oats at dinner. This way, he gets all the food and calories he possibly can.
    Section 3: page 58-86
    Shukhov is working as a mason in this section, with his trowel he does an excellent job putting in great amounts of energy creating a beautiful representation of craftmanship (76-80). As a skilled mason this work suits him. The line is straight, making an architecturally sound building, which makes his time worth while.
    Der is the authority in this section. He comes into the building, criticizingeveryone. Tiurin is first, he has put roofing felt on an open window. Next Shukhov is accused of putting down too thin amounts of mortar (82-83). But Shokhov refutes that claim stating that the building would crumble in the summer if the mortar were too think in the current weather.
    On page 68 of this section, Shukhov proves his great ability to survive through making his job easier. He had found a trowel that he liked and was of high quality, and so, at the begining and end of each day, he puts in and takes out the trowel from a secret hiding spot in the wall.
    Section 4: page 87-116
    As the other prisoners are lining up at the gates of the work site, Ivan, Kilgas, and Senka continued to wrap up their job building a wall without their squad leader Tiurin. This was a dangerous move because it could be mistaken by the guards as an attempt to run away and they could be locked up for it, but Ivan still would not let his trowel be thrown down just anywhere, so it could be be taken by anyone besides himself.
    "But did that mean he was to throw down his trowel? If he'd swiped it he had to hang on to it" (89).
    The escorts hold the power over the men when they are leaving from their work sites because they are the ones who count. If they count and you are not there, even if you were not trying to escape, they can have you put into the cells or even kill them.
    " Unless he'd left a trail through the wire the sentries wouldn't be allowed back in the camp for at least three days. They'd have to go on manning the towers for a week, if necessary. That was the regulations, as the oldtimers knew it. In short, if someone escaped the guards had had it; they were hounded, without sleep or food. Sometimes they were roused to such fury that the runaway wouldn't get back alive" (94).
    After the long day of work their gloves and valenki were even more worn out than that morning, which gave them less protection from the cold. Once they were gathering up, before making their lines to count, the men would jump around or walk in circles to keep blood flowing and their body temperatures up.
    "A whole day in that freezing cold! The zeks were already chilled to the marrow; and now to stand around another shivering hour, when work was over!" (97).
    Section 5: page 117-142
    After another long day of work in the cold at the camps and Ivan's odd jobs for other prisoners in the camp, he goes to buy tobacco. He gets it from other prisoners who sell it as their own odd job. The only problem with buying from the other prisoners was that the price was controlled by each individual and you never could expect to know how much it would cost from day to day.
    " "The Lett dropped his feet off the ledge, put them on the floor, sat up. he was a mean fellow, that Lett -- filled a glass with tabacco as if he was afraid of putting in a single pinch too many.
    He showed Shukhov his tobacco pouch and slip open the fastener" (121).
    Tsezar had to punish the men in his barracks because of his bosses learning about the weapons being made there. Ivan reseaved ten days of punishment because of the knife he made from part of a saw he took from the work site. Tsezar is later removed from the barracks, which makes the job lose it's appeal to Ivan.
    "That meant a small penknife. Yes, Shukhov had one--he ept it concealed in the partition. A bit shorter than half a finger but cut salt pork five vingers thick. He'd made the blade himself, mounted it and whetted it sharp" (125).
    After a long day of work everyone needs to eat. Ivan was lucky enough to have one of his "red letter" days and gets two suppers and two dinner. The soup for supper that night was very thin, thinner than what they got for breakfast, so it was good he got two servings of it. The soup also had fish in it. Ivan also had money, so he could buy other food rations off of people if he choice to.
    "He began to eat the cabbage with what was left of the soup. A potato had found its way into one of the bowls --- Tsezar's. A medium-sized spud, frost-bitten, hard and sweetish. There wasn't much fish, just a few stray bits of bare backbone. but you much chew every bone, every fin, to suck the fuices out of them, for the juice is healthy. It takes tim, of course, but he was in no hurry to go anywhere. Today was a red-letter day for him: two helpings for dinner, two helpings for supper. Everything else could wait" (118)
    One Day In The Life Of Ivan Denizovich Analysis Questions

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